COMMON FEATURES OF A LEARNING STRENGTH OR LEARNING DIFFICULTY 

Motor Symbol Sequencing – Automation of motor plans used in symbol formation for writing, reading, and speech Difficulty with note taking, completing timed written and reading tasks, written expression, finding and keeping place in text while reading; messy handwriting; miscopying; misreading; irregular spelling; speech rambling; makes written errors in mathematics.

Symbol Recognition – Recognition and recall of symbols and symbol patterns Difficulty with word recognition, spelling, remembering symbol patterns such as mathematical or chemical equations; slow reading speed.

Broca’s Speech Pronunciation – Pronunciation and integration of syllables into stabilized and consistent word pronunciation Difficulty pronouncing words and thinking and talking at the same time; avoids using words because of uncertainty of pronunciation; flat and monotone speech with lack of rhythm and intonation; limited ability to learn and use phonics.

Lexical Memory – Remembering several words in a series Ability to follow auditory information; good associative memory.

Quantification Sense  – Sense of number and quantification Ability to retain numbers in one’s head, do mental math, make change, learn math facts; good time management and budgeting.

Symbolic Thinking – Thinking and problem solving in language-based tasks Ability to be self-directed and self-organized in learning, keep attention focused on task to completion, see the main point, problem solve; has mental initiative.

Non-Verbal Thinking -Thinking, planning and problem solving in non-verbal situations Difficulty interpreting non-verbal information such as body language, facial expression and voice tone and registering and interpreting one’s own emotions; weak social skills; trouble problem solving and planning in non-verbal situations.

Symbol Relations – Connecting concepts and ideas; understanding logical and conceptual relationships Difficulty with comprehension, logical reasoning, understanding mathematical, scientific or literary concepts, flexibility of thought, reading a clock; can appear stubborn or inflexible.

Predicative Speech – Encoding sequential information found in language, mathematical and serial processes Ability to communicate orally, put information into one’s own words, use internal speech, comprehend sequences, learn steps in mathematical procedures.

Auditory Speech Discrimination – Differentiation in hearing similar speech sounds, for example ‘hear’-‘fear’ Ability to listen to speech and accurately hear words and understand someone with an accent.

Object Recognition Recognition and recall of an object’s details (person, place or thing) Difficulty finding objects, remembering visual cues such as landmarks, remembering faces and recalling the visual details of pictures.

Kinesthetic Perception -Awareness of one’s body in space and recognition of objects by touch Ability to move the body fluidly; awareness of where one’s body is in space relative to objects; appropriate pressure when handwriting.

Primary Motor – Speed, strength and control of muscle movements on the left side of the body Good muscle tone and fluid body movement.

Kinesthetic Speech – Awareness of the position of the lips and tongue for speech articulation Lack of clear articulation of speech and speech slurring may occur.

Predicative Speech – Encoding sequential information found in language, mathematical and serial processes Ability to communicate orally, put information into one’s own words, use internal speech, comprehend sequences, learn steps in mathematical procedures.

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